Eritrea is a country of nine nationalities. They belong to Nilo-Saharan, Kushitic, and Semitic families. The earliest inhabitants of Eritrea were Pygmoid type of people. The Nilo-Saharan family (Nilotic) were the first migrants to Eritrea. They migrated to Eritrea from Upper Nile. They intermarried with the Pygmoid population. This resulted in Nara and Kunama ethnic groups.
Since the introduction of Christianity and Islam to Eritrea, the country is endowed with ancient Monasteries and Mosques that are in possession of ancient historical heritages and places of worship. The Monasteries of Debre Bizen, Debre Sina, Hum, the Sahaba Mosque and the Shrine of Mariam De’arit are some of the Holy places that are ancient, historical places and attract many visitors.
When we talk about the Eritrean struggle for independence what comes in mind is the endurance, perseverance and belief for a cause of the Eritrean people. Enduring the hardship, brutality, cruelty, and indiscriminate killing perpetrated by the enemy soldiers and security forces, and that for over thirty years, and ultimately coming out triumphant is the trade mark of the Eritrean people. We could confidently claim that, in terms of longevity and severity, the Eritrean people’s struggle is unique and there are very few liberation struggles that took so long without not giving up, resisting all sorts of brutalities with one thing in mind, determination that after all the crimes committed one day Eritrea will be free in which its people will walk their head up.
In Eritrea there are three kinds of marriages: Customary, religious or public marriages. All three are accepted legally as binding. The customary marriage involves every member of the society and is a big occasion in which close family members have a say. And it is an accession very interesting to observe ad understand the tradition and culture of the society.